What is Sanad?
Sanad or सनद (deed or patent) in British India, a deed granted to the native princely state rulers confirming them in their states, in return of their allegiance.
Under the Sanad, the hill chiefs were put under certain obligations in return of their protection.
Those obligations were:
- Hill chiefs were to allow free passage to British merchants and their goods.
- They had to furnish certain number of Begar Laborers.
- They had to construct 12 feet wide roads in their territories.
- The bigger states were duty bound to join the British Army with their armed retainers and hill porters when called upon to do so at the time of war.
- The Hill chiefs were also required to promote the welfare of their people, to improve the condition of their countries and cultivation, to redress grievance and to keep public road safe.
The dates of Sanad granted to some states are as under:
|Bilaspur||Raja Maha Chand||6th March, 1815|
|Baghal||Raja Jagat Singh||3rd September, 1815|
|Kuthar||Rana Bhup Singh||3rd September, 1815|
|Baghat||Rana Mohinder Singh||4th September, 1815|
|Bhajji||Rana Ruder Pal||4th September, 1815|
|Dhami||Goverdhan Singh||4th September, 1815|
|Mahlog||Thakur Sansar Chand||4th September, 1815|
|Beja||Thakur Man Chand||4th September, 1815|
|Keonthal||Rana Sansar Chand||6th September, 1815|
|Sirmaur||Raja Fateh Prakash||21st September, 1815|
|Balsan||Thakur Jog Raj||21st September, 1815|
|Nalagarh||Raja Ram Saran Singh||20th October,1815|
|Jubbal||Rana Puran Chand||18th Novermber, 1815|
|Sangri||Raja Bikramjit Singh||16th Devcember, 1815|
|Mangal||Raja Bahadur Singh||20th December, 1815|
|Darkoti||Rana Sutes Ram||1815|
|Kunihar||Thakur Magan Deo||1815|
|Kumarsain||Rana Kehar Singh||7th February, 1816|
|Bushahr||Raja Mohender Singh||8th February, 1816|
|Tharoch||Thakur Jhobu||31st January, 1819|