Note: This article is written from an exam point of view only.
Kangra district is bounded on the North by Lahaul-Spiti and Chamba, South by Hamirpur, East by Kullu and Mandi, South-West by Una, and North-West by Gurdaspur (Punjab).
The total area of Kangra district is 5739 sq. Km (10.31%) of the state, ranks fourth among the districts.
Population wise (1,507,223) Kangra is the biggest district which is 21.98% of the total population of the state of Himachal Pradesh.
Kangra valley is the meeting point of Eastern and Western monsoon, which causes heavy rainfall in Dharmshala and the adjoining areas.
- It starts from the right bank of river Beas in Kullu, forms the boundary of district Kangra with Kullu to a distant point below Sari Pass, then enters Bara Bhangal area, thereafter runs parallel to Hathi Dhar which forms a boundary between Chamba and Kangra districts.
- The Paprola range separates Bir–Bhangal from Kangra valley and after crossing Binwa, it enters in the Mandi district where it is called as Sikandar Dhar.
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The Beas River:
- It rises from Pir Panjal range near Rohtang Pass (3978 mts).
- Binwa is a tributary of Beas River which rises above Baijnath and joins Beas above Sandhol.
- Neugal meets River Beas opposite to Tira Sujanpur.
- Chakki River forms the boundary of District Kangra with District Pathankot of Punjab.
- River Beas flows through district Kullu, Mandi, Hamirpur, and Kangra. [River System is discussed in detail in a separate chapter]
Kangra district in the making:
- Lahaul-Spiti was also a part of Kangra upto 1960 D.
- Kullu was a Tehsil of Kangra district upto 1962 D.
- Kangra became the district of Himachal Pradesh on 1st November 1966 on the recommendation of the Shah Commission.
- The present district of Kangra came into existence on 1st September 1972 by carving out Una and Hamirpur as separate districts.