Category Archives: HPAS

What is Polyandry? – Himachal Pradesh General Studies

By | May 23, 2020

Polyandry is the phenomenon in which a female cohabits in the company of two or more males. In other words, polyandry custom was that in which two or more persons had a single wife. This social custom was widely practised in Keonthal, Bushahr, Jubbal, the trans-Giri tract of Sirmaur among the Shimla Hill States, and… Read More »

Beth, Begar and Reet System in Himachal Pradesh – HPAS Mains

By | May 22, 2020

Begar System in Himachal Pradesh Begar system was prevalent in the erstwhile Shimla and Punjab Hill States of Himachal Pradesh since time immemorial. Begar means forced labour or employing anyone without remuneration. Describing begar or forced labour in the hills, Satyanand Stokes wrote, “Begar was the system by which the transportation of each state was… Read More »

Reet/Rit System in Himachal Pradesh – HPAS Mains

By | May 22, 2020

In the Shimla Hill States and many adjoining countries such as Mandi, Kullu and Kangra, an obnoxious custom namely Reet was prevalent since time immemorial. Definition of Reet Marriage:  It is difficult to give any precise definition of Reet. To some it was a form of marriage but to others, it was the payment usually… Read More »

Beth System in Himachal Pradesh – HPAS Mains

By | May 22, 2020

Beth was an obligation to render personal service in return for certain cultivating rights. Those, who rendered this service for rulers and zamindars were known as bethu (service tenant). The bethu occupied and tilled land which in fact belonged to the Raja or Zamindars. He cultivated a portion for his subsistence and the remaining portion… Read More »

Schedule Tribe Population in Himachal Pradesh

By | January 22, 2020

According to the Census 2011 the population of Himachal Pradesh is 6864602 of which 392126 (5.71%) belongs to Scheduled Tribes. The following  communities have been listed in the State Scheduled Tribes list. Name of Community: 1 Bhot, Bodh 2 Gaddi 3 Gujjar 4 Jad, Lamba, Khampa 5 Kanaura, Kinnara 6 Lahaula 7 Pangwala 8 Swangla… Read More »

HAS/HPAS Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Optional Paper 2019 – HPPSC Shimla

By | October 5, 2019

HAS/HPAS Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Optional Paper 2019 – HPPSC Shimla   Click here to Download Paper-1: Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Optional Click here to Download Paper-2:Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Optional   Read also: All other Papers of HAS Mains Stay updated with us: Click here to join our Telegram Channel Click… Read More »

HAS/HPAS Statistics Optional Paper 2019 – HPPSC Shimla

By | October 5, 2019

HAS/HPAS Statistics Optional Paper 2019 – HPPSC Shimla   Click here to Download Paper-1: Statistics Optional Click here to Download Paper-2: Statistics Optional   Read also: All other Papers of HAS Mains Stay updated with us: Click here to join our Telegram Channel Click here to Join our Facebook Group

HAS/HPAS Zoology Optional Paper 2019 – HPPSC Shimla

By | October 5, 2019

HAS/HPAS Zoology Optional Paper 2019 – HPPSC Shimla   Click here to Download Paper-1: Zoology Optional Click here to Download Paper-2: Zoology Optional   Read also: All other Papers of HAS Mains Stay updated with us: Click here to join our Telegram Channel Click here to Join our Facebook Group