Census 2011 findings
(a) Distribution of population: According to the Census 2011, the total population of Kinnaur district is 84,121 persons of which 46,249 are males and 37,872 females. The population of the district forms 1.23 percent of the state population and ranks at 11th place among the districts. The district of Kinnaur has no urban area and as such its population refers to rural area only. It has 5 tahsils and one sub-tahsil having 660 villages comprising of 241 inhabited and 419 un-inhabited villages. The concentration of population is mainly along the valleys of rivers and streams as well as on undulating slopes while higher areas are mostly devoid of any habitation.
(b) Size, Class and Civic status of Towns: As already mentioned that the district is entirely rural.
Population Growth, Density and Sex ratio
Population growth: District Kinnaur has returned a population of 84,121 persons at the Census 2011 against 78,334 persons in 2001 Census. It has registered a net addition of 5,787 persons thereby indicating a growth rate of 7.39 percent during 2001-2011.
Density: Since Kinnaur is mainly a rugged and mountainous district hence it has shown a low density in comparison to the density of the state. The density of the population in the district is 13 persons per sq.km. against the state figures of 123 persons.
Sex ratio: There are 819 females for every thousand males in Kinnaur district. In the age group of 0-6 sex ratio comes to 963 in the district as a whole.
Work participation rate: The work participation rate means percentage of total workers to total population. Similar is with the main workers and marginal workers. According to Census 2011, the proportion of total workers that includes main and marginal workers comes to 66.90 per cent of the total population of the district. Of the total workers, the share of main workers is 55.61 per cent and of marginal workers is 11.28 per cent. The remaining 33.10 per cent of the population belongs to the category of non-workers. Sex wise among the main workers, the ratio of males is 64.67 per cent whereas in females it is 44.55 per cent. In the category of marginal workers the proportion of female i.e. 14.63 per cent and is slightly higher to the males proportion of 8.55 as the females are attending to one or more economic activities in addition to their household duties to improve the family income.
Literacy: A person who can read and write with understanding in any language is a literate for Census purpose. All the children below the age of 7 years are treated as illiterates. As per Census 2011, Kinnaur district has returned 60,699 persons as literates constituting 80 per cent of total population excluding 0-6 age group population. The proportion of male and female literates in the district is 87.27 per cent and 70.96 per cent, respectively. The literacy rate of males is higher than the females by 16.31 points.
Religion: Out of the total population of 84,121 persons during Census 2011, 64,732 persons (77 per cent) profess Hinduism as their religion followed by 18,086 persons(21.5 per cent) as Buddhism 485 (0.58 per cent), 448 (0.53 per cent), and 249 (0.3 per cent) persons reported as belonging to Christian, Muslim and Sikh religious communities, respectively.
Availability of university education: In district Kinnaur there is only one Govt. Degree College situated at Rekong-peo. It catters the needs of the district as well as of the Spiti, sub-district of Lahul & Spiti district. (c) Mother Tongue: During 2001 Census 59,071 persons have reported their mother tongue as Kinnauri followed mainly by Hindi (8,210 persons), Nepali (4,812 persons) and Bhotia (3,785 persons). Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population: In Census 2001 Kinnaur was having a Scheduled Castes population of 7,625 persons and Scheduled Tribes population of 56,288 persons constituting 9.7 per cent and 71.8 per cent respectively whereas in Census 2011 it has reported 14,750 persons as Scheduled Castes and 48,746 persons as Scheduled Tribes population constituting 17.53 per cent and 57.95 per cent of total population respectively.
Kinnaur District Religion Census 2011:
As per the official census 2011 and population data 2020 of Kinnaur district, Hindu are a majority in Kinnaur state. The total population of Kinnaur district is 84,121 as per census 2011. Hinduism constitutes 76.95% of the Kinnaur population. Buddhist plays an important role in electoral of Kinnaur state forming a significant 21.50% of the total population.
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