Distribution of Population in Rural-Urban Areas:
- According to the 2011 Census, the total population of the Sirmaur district is 5,29,855 comprising 2,76,289 males and 2,53,566 females.
- This population of the district forms 7.7 percent of the State population and ranks at 5th place among the districts.
- Out of the total population of the district, 89.2 percent live in rural areas while 10.8 percent live in urban areas. The rural population of the district is distributed among 10 tehsils/sub-tehsils and the urban population is spread over in 3 towns.
- The urban population in the district is 57,165 comprising 30,114 males and 27,051 females.
- The total rural population comes to 4,72,690 comprising 2,46,175 males and 2,26,515 females as recorded in 2011 Census. The rural population is distributed in 968 villages.
- Out of a total of 976 villages in the district, 968 are inhabited villages while 8 villages are uninhabited. The concentrations of villages are mainly on undulating slopes and valleys of rivers/streams.
- According to the Census 2001 the total population of the district was 4,58,593 which rose to 5,29,855 as per the 2011 Census.
- There has been net addition of 71,262 during 2001-2011.
- The decadal growth rate of the district comes to 15.5 percent.
- The growth rates for rural and urban areas of the district are 15.0 and 19.9 percent, respectively.
- The growth rate in the urban population is high in the district due to development in the industrial field.
- The density of population in the Sirmaur district comes to 188 persons per Sq.km. against state average of 123 persons.
- At tehsil/sub-tehsil level Nahan tahsil ranks Ist with 293 persons per Sq. km. Nohra tehsil ranks 10th in terms of the density of population occupying the lowest position with 127 persons per Sq. km. among the tahsils/sub-tahsils in the district.
- The density of the population varies between 293 persons to 127 persons per Sq. km.
- In rural areas the density of population works out to 168 persons per Sq. Km. while in urban areas it comes to 2,990 persons.
- There are 918 females for every thousand males in the Sirmaur district.
- The sex ratio in rural and urban areas of the Sirmaur district comes to 920 and 898, respectively.
- It is observed that the proportion of females in rural areas is slightly higher than that of urban areas.
- Sex ratio in the age-group of 0-6 years comes to 928 in the district as a whole.
- In the rural and urban areas the ratio comes to 934 and 873, respectively.
- A person who can both read and write in any language with understanding is taken as literate in Census.
- As per 2011 Census, the Sirmaur district has reported 3,62,645 persons as literates constituting 78.8 percent of total population excluding the population of age-group of 0-6 years.
- The literacy rate of males is much higher than that of females resulting in a wide gap of 14 points between male and female literacy.
- Total literacy rates of rural and urban areas are 77.3 and 90.7 percent, respectively.
- The proportion of male and female literates in rural areas is 84.6 and 69.3 percent while in urban areas this proportion is 93.4 and 87.8 percent, respectively.
- The difference between male and female literacy rates in urban areas is 5.6 points as against 15.3 points in rural areas.
- Thus, it is clear that the females in urban areas are better educated than their counterparts in the rural areas of the district.
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Population:
- The total Scheduled Castes population of the district during 2011 Census was recorded as 1,60,745 in comparison to the Census 2001 which was 1,35,744 showing an increase of 18.4 percent.
- Of the 5,29,855 total population of the district, the Scheduled Castes population constituted 30.34 percent.
- The rural Scheduled Castes population constitutes 1,49,719 or 31.67 percent of the total rural population of 4,72,690 during 2011 Census in comparison to Census 2001 which constitutes 1,26,680 or 30.8 percent of the total rural population of 4,10,923.
- Similarly the urban Scheduled Castes population constitutes 11,026 or 19.29 percent of the total urban population of 57,165 in comparison to Census 2001 which constitutes 9,094 or 19.1 percent of the total urban population of 47,670.
- The highest Scheduled Castes rural populations of 24,945 or 18.81 per cent have been recorded in Paonta Sahib tahsil during Census 2011 whereas in Census 2001, the highest Scheduled Castes rural population of 20,705 or 18.3 percent was recorded in Paonta Sahib.
- The total Scheduled Tribes population of the district is 11,262 during 2011 Census in comparison to the Census 2001 which was 5,960 showing an increase of 89.0 percent.
- Of the 5,29,855 total population of the district, the Scheduled Tribes population constituted 2.13 percent.
- The rural Scheduled Tribes population is 10,915 or 2.31 percent of the total rural population of 4,72,690 during the 2011 Census in comparison to Census 2001 which constitutes 5,794 or 1.4 percent of the total rural population of 4,10,923 showing an increase of 0.91 percent during Census 2011.
- Similarly, the urban Scheduled Tribes population constitutes 347 or 0.61 percent of total urban population of 57,165 in comparison to Census 2001 which accounts for 166 or 0.3 percent of the total urban population of 47,670.
- The highest Scheduled Tribes rural populations of 6,241 or 11.3 percent have been from Nahan Tehsil in comparison to Census 2001 which stands at 4,589 or 10.0 percent in Nahan showing an increase of 1.3 percent.
- Whereas the highest Scheduled Tribes urban population of 215 or 0.74 percent has been recorded in Nahan M Cl in comparison to Census 2001 which was 130 or 0.5 percent in Nahan M Cl.
- The Scheduled Tribes population is mainly concentrated in Paonta Sahib and Nahan tahsils.
- The lowest Scheduled Castes population 5,972 (Rural) and 1,007 (Urban) have been recorded in Dadahu tahsil and Rajgarh (NP), respectively in comparisons to Census 2001 which was 4,959 (Rural) and 723 (Urban) in Dadahu tahsil and Rajgarh NP, respectively.
- Similarly the lowest Scheduled Tribes population 2 (Rural) and 8 (Urban) have been recorded in Ronhat tahsil and Rajgarh (NP), respectively in comparisons to Census 2001 which was 1 (Rural) and 2 (Urban) in Renuka tahsil and Rajgarh (NP), respectively.