Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh

By | December 31, 2018

Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh

Agro climate zones of Himachal Pradesh - Himachal Pradesh General Studies

SHIVALIK HILL ZONE:

  • Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level.
  • It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State.
  • The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc.

MID HILL ZONE: 

  • This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level.
  • It is having mild temperate climate.
  • It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State.
  • The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc.
  • This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops.

HIGH HILL ZONE: 

  • It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures.
  • This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State.
  • The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc.
  • The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables.
  • This zone possesses good pastures and meadows.

COLD DRY ZONE:

  • It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level.
  • It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State.
  • The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus.
  • It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes.

Read more:  What is Sanad?

Source: www.hpagriculture.com

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