Q. Where/When did Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur born?
Ans: Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur was born on 2nd February 1889 in Lucknow, belonged to Ahluwalia royal family of Kapurthala state, and was the daughter of Raja Sir Harnam Singh. She was the only daughter of her father who was blessed with seven sons.
Q. About the parents of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur?
Ans: Her father had accepted Christianity as his religion. The Government of Punjab had appointed her father as the manager of ‘Oudh Estates‘ which was more valuable than the state held by the Kapurthala family.
Q. What was the religion and education qualification of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur?
- Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur, who inherited Christianity as her religion, had her education in England. She was sent fo ‘Sherborne School for Girls‘, Dorsetshire, and later joined a college in London.
- She devoted most of her time to sports, was a very good tennis player and won many championships, did not marry.
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Q. About the political career of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur?
- She came under the sway of M.K Gandhi and became one of his close followers and lifelong pupil.
- In public life, Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur became the Secretary of the All India Women’s Conference in 1930.
- From 1931 to 1933. She served as the President of the Women’s Association.
- In 1932, she gave evidence before the ‘Lothian Committee‘ on Indian Franchise, and later, as a member of the delegation of women’s organisation, she testified before the Joint Select Committee of Parliament on Indian Constitutional Reforms.
- In 1938, she served as the President of the All India Women’s Conference.
- She also served M.K. Gandhi as a secretary for 16 years.
- She became the first woman to be appointed a member of the Advisory Board of Education but resigned in August 1942.
- She was a member of ‘Hindustani Tamil Sangh.
- She attended the UNESCO in London in 1945 and in Paris 1946 as a member of the Indian delegation.
- After independence in 1947, she was the first lady appointed as the first Health Minister of India.
- She was elected as a Member of Lok Sabha from Mahasu constituency, Himachal Pradesh in 1952.
Q. What was the role of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur in freedom struggle?
- As the closest lieutenant of Mahatma Gandhi, She took part in the Salt Satyagraha and was arrested in Bombay.
- Later on, when the ‘Communal Award‘ was announced (1932), condemned it outright.
- She went to ‘Bannu N.W. F. P.’ to advocate the cause of Congress.
- She was convicted on 16th July. 1937 and imprisoned on a charge of sedition.
- During Quit India Movement (1942) Raj Kumari led many processions. One of them subjected to ruthless lathi charge in Shimla. Later she was arrested at Kalka.
Q. About the social work of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur?
- Raj Kumari was more active in social work than in politics.
- She spent most of her time for the upliftment of women and to the eradication of social evils such as early marriage, purdah system, and illiteracy among Indian women.
- She was equally concerned about the lot of the Harijans.
- Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur, who inherited the ablest traditions of a royal family, was a true patriot and a firm believer in non-violence.
Q. About her residence at Shimla?
- Located within the HP University campus at Summer Hill, the Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur Bhawan is a historic heritage called Manorville.
- It is alternatively known as the Georgian Mansion owing to its authentic Georgian architecture.
- She and one of her brothers donated their ancestral property and house (named Manorville) in Simla, Himachal Pradesh to serve as a holiday home for the staff and nurses of the Institute.
- Now, it serves as the AIIMS Guest House in Shimla.
Q. When did Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur die?
Ans: Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur died in 1964.
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